On February 17, 1862, Birney was promoted to brigadier general. Birney's first major engagement of the war was during the Peninsula Campaign in which he led a brigade in General Philip Kearny's division of the III Corps. After the campaign, he was court-martialed and acquitted of supposedly disobeying orders given by III Corps commander General Samuel P.Heintzelman at the Battle of Fair Oaks/Seven Pines. After he was acquitted, Birney reassumed command of his brigade and served at the Battle of Second Manassas. After the death of Philip Kearny, Birney assumed command of Kearny's division. At the Battle of Fredericksburg, Birney's men saw action at the Slaughter Pen Farm and Prospect Hill.
On May 20, 1863, Birney was promoted to major general for his actions at the Battle of Chancellorsville. Birney fought at the Battle of Gettysburg and led the III Corps after III Corps commander General Daniel Sickles was wounded. By May of 1864, Birney was at the head of a division in the Union II Corps and served in the Overland Campaign. Birney was noted for his bravery in battle in the Wilderness, as well as at Spotsylvania Court House. Birney received minor injuries from a shell fragment at the battle of Spotsylvania Court House.On July 23, 1864, Birney was selected by Ulysses S. Grant to lead the X Corps.
During the Siege of Petersburg, Birney became gravely ill. At first, Birney claimed that the issue would not affect his performance in battle.
By mid-September, however, Birney's condition worsened to the point where he could not function. On October 7, 1864, Birney was transported by ambulance back to Philadelphia to recover. When in Philadelphia, the doctors diagnosed Birney with typhomalaria, or Typhoid Fever.
On October 18, 1864, David Bell Birney passed away from his illness. He is buried in Woodlands Cemetery in Philadelphia. This item is in the category "Collectibles\Militaria\Civil War (1861-65)\Original Period Items\Photographs". The seller is "texasvinylhound" and is located in this country: US.This item can be shipped to United States, Canada, United Kingdom, Denmark, Romania, Slovakia, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Finland, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Estonia, Australia, Greece, Portugal, Cyprus, Slovenia, Japan, China, Sweden, Korea, South, Indonesia, Taiwan, South Africa, Thailand, Belgium, France, Hong Kong, Ireland, Netherlands, Poland, Spain, Italy, Germany, Austria, Bahamas, Israel, Mexico, New Zealand, Philippines, Singapore, Switzerland, Norway, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, Qatar, Kuwait, Bahrain, Croatia, Republic of, Malaysia, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Panama, Trinidad and Tobago, Guatemala, Honduras, Jamaica, Antigua and Barbuda, Aruba, Belize, Dominica, Grenada, Saint Kitts-Nevis, Saint Lucia, Montserrat, Turks and Caicos Islands, Barbados, Bangladesh, Bermuda, Brunei Darussalam, Bolivia, Egypt, French Guiana, Guernsey, Gibraltar, Guadeloupe, Iceland, Jersey, Jordan, Cambodia, Cayman Islands, Liechtenstein, Sri Lanka, Luxembourg, Monaco, Macau, Martinique, Maldives, Nicaragua, Oman, Pakistan, Paraguay, Reunion, Uruguay, Dominican Republic, El Salvador.