The original 1858 Conference Bill For The Admission of Kansas. Owned by Hannibal Hamlin, Abraham Lincoln's Vice President.Kansas became a battleground over the future of slavery in the United States. The fighting over the issue of slavery was a preview of the Civil War. Hannibal Hamlin (August 27, 1809 - July 4, 1891) was an American attorney and politician from Maine. He served as the 15th vice president of the United States.
Hamlin was an active opponent of slavery; he supported the Wilmot Proviso and opposed the Compromise of 1850. In 1854, he strongly opposed passage of the Kansas-Nebraska Act. Hamlin's increasingly anti-slavery views caused him to leave the Democratic Party for the newly formed Republican Party in 1856. Hamlin served as vice president from 1861 to 1865, Lincoln picked him in large part due to his strong stand against slavery. He was the first vice president of the newly formed Republican Party.
As a former Democrat, Hamlin could persuade other anti-slavery Democrats that joining the Republican Party was the only way to ensure slavery's demise. He had little influence in the Lincoln administration, although he urged both the Emancipation Proclamation and the arming of Black Americans.
Hamlin County, South Dakota is named in his honor, as are Hamlin, Kansas; Hamilin, New York; Hamlin, West Virginia; Hamlin Township; Hamlin Lake in Mason County, Michigan; and Hamlin, a small Maine village that is a U. Canada border crossing with Grand Falls, New Brunswick. There are statues in Hamlin's likeness in the United States Capitol and in a public park (Norumbega Mall) in Bangor, Maine.
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