Its straight blade suggests it may be an infantry officers sword, but it may also have been used by an officer of the mounted artillery. There what appears to be engraving under the obverse langet which may be S. MAKER'S MARK: SHF is the mark for Simon Helvig and Fils who was active in the Alsace region of France from about 1820 - 1840. Reportedly, he exported many swords to the U.For sale by his agents. His mark was traditionally placed under the langet so the likelihood is that this firm was the maker. Other than that, there are no other maker's marks.
Whatever gilding was on the hilt has worn off completely. The prominent lions head or Medusa on the langet dates from the French First Empire. The hilt has an Eagle head pommel and stirrup guard both of which are unusual for a French sword as is its bone grip. However, the authoritative book, American Swords from the Collection of Phillip Medicus by Norm Flayderman and Stuart Mowbray discusses two near exact matches to this sword on page 100, Item 46b and 46c attributing 46b to French manufacture.
Combined they have a similar bone grip, forward facing quillion with rosette, Medusa langet, embellished ferrule, hip on the head for tang, and curved stirrup guard. And, the definitive work by Lhoste on this topic, "Les Sabres Portes par L'Arme'e Francaise", shows a few examples of each.
That said, there are contra-indicators which make it imposable for us to classify the sword's origin with certainty. Masterful Eagle Head with Lion Langet and bone grip An example of the eagle head on this sword is pictured and discussed on page 102, image 116a, in "Les Sabres Portes par L'Arme'e Francaise" by Lhoste and Resek.THE HILT : The eagle head is well formed with a slight dip to its crown just above the eyes and its main blends into the backstrap. The round tang comes through a flat ledge at the turn of the neck. The ferrule is quite wide with a series of stalks and leaves. There is a star in the forward facing upper quillion which leads to the Langet which has a lions head with prominent main. The cross guard then becomes a stirrup guard which is embellished with ornate designs. There is no obvious crack at the low point of the guard, but a 1 ¼ stiffener has been added on the inside. The stirrup guard is a common American shape and unusual for a French sword. Details of engraved blade with engraving under the Langet.
THE BLADE: The 28 ½ x 5/8 wide and ¼ thick blade with a false edge and has a single 15 x ½ wide fuller. It was likely at one time blued and gilded, but none of this is remaining.
It is straight and simple with no makers mark. The main design on the obverse is a kettle drum and horn with simple flower and leafs above. The main design on the reverse is a cannon with crossed spears, with a wreath and flower above, none of which are American. There is engraving beneath the langets on both sides which makes the blade more than likely from Solingen. The blade is slightly loose in the hilt.Detail of eagles main showing tang. Eagle's head matching Lhoste. Lion or Medusa on Langet. Embossed figural panels on scabbard. Ornate ferrule and stirrup guard underside. No American markings such as the American Flag or E. CONDITION: Please refer to the individual sections. THE SCABBARD: The sword came with a very ornate scabbard that is original to it and is most likely from the s ame manufacture. Scabbard 29 without the drag In scabbard 35. The item "Eagle Head Sword by Simon Helvig & Fils W Blood Mark US Army Civil War Officer's" is in sale since Tuesday, April 16, 2019.
This item is in the category "Collectibles\Knives, Swords & Blades\Swords & Sabers\Other Collectible Swords".elblassy-7" and is located in Wallington, New Jersey. This item can be shipped worldwide.