In stock - comes with Letter of Authenticity from Historic Autographs - authenticated by National Park Services! Thomas Howell Cobb (September 7, 1815 October 9, 1868) was an American political figure. A southern Democrat, Cobb was a five-term member of the United States House of Representatives. And Speaker of the House. He also served as a Secretary of Treasury.
(18571860) and the 40th Governor of Georgia. He is, however, probably best known as one of the founders of the Confederacy. Having served as the President of the Provisional Confederate Congress, in which delegates of the Southern slave states which had declared that they had seceded from the United States created the Confederate States.
Cobb served for two weeks between the foundation of the Confederacy and the election of Jefferson Davis. This made him, as the Speaker of the Congress, provisional Head of State at this time. Return to Congress and Secretary of the Treasury. A Founder of the Confederacy.Born in Jefferson County, Georgia. Cobb was raised in Athens, Georgia. And attended the University of Georgia. Where he was a member of the Phi Kappa Literary Society. He was of Welsh American. He was admitted to the bar in 1836 and became solicitor general of the western judicial circuit of Georgia. He married Mary Ann Lamar on May 26, 1835. They would have eleven children, the first in 1838 and the last in 1861.
They were John Addison, Zachariah Lamar, Howell, Henry Jackson, Basil Lamar, Mary Ann Lamar, Laura Rootes, Sarah, Andrew Jackson, Elizabeth Craig, and Thomas Reade Rootes. Several did not survive out of childhood, including their last, a son who was named after Howell's brother, Thomas Reade Rootes Cobb. Howell Cobb , 1912, Collection of the U. He was elected as Democrat. He was chairman of the U.
During the 28th Congress, and Speaker of the United States House of Representatives. He sided with President Andrew Jackson. On the question of nullification. Was an efficient supporter of President James K. S administration during the Mexican-American War.
And was an ardent advocate of slavery. But when the Compromise of 1850. Had been agreed upon, he became its staunch supporter as a Union Democrat. He joined Georgia Whigs Alexander Stephens. In a statewide campaign to elect delegates to a state convention that overwhelmingly affirmed, in the Georgia Platform.That the state accepted the Compromise as the final resolution to the outstanding slavery issues. On that issue, Cobb was elected governor of Georgia by a large majority.
Cobb became Speaker of the House on December 22, 1850. In 1850, as Speaker he would have been next in line to the Presidency for two days due to Vice Presidential vacancy.
And a president pro tempore. Not being appointed yet, except he did not meet the minimum eligibility for the presidency of being 35 years old. Died on July 9, Vice President.
The president pro tempore of the Senate was not appointed until July 11 when William Rufus de Vane King. In 1851, he left the House to serve as the Governor of Georgia. Holding that post until 1853. He published A Scriptural Examination of the Institution of Slavery (1856). Bureau of Engraving and Printing.Portrait of Cobb as Secretary of the Treasury. He was elected to the 34th Congress. And then took the position of Secretary of the Treasury. He served for three years, resigning in December 1860. At one time, Cobb was Buchanan's choice for his successor.
In 1860, Cobb ceased to be a Unionist. And became a leader of the secession.He was president of a convention of the seceded states that assembled in Montgomery, Alabama. Under Cobb's guidance, the delegates drafted a constitution for the new Confederacy. He served as President of several sessions of the Confederate Provisional Congress. Before resigning to join the military when war erupted. Cobb in his postbellum days. Cobb joined the Confederate army. And was named as colonel. Of the 16th Georgia Infantry.
He was appointed a brigadier general. On February 13, 1862, and assigned command of a brigade. In what became the Army of Northern Virginia. His efforts in these discussions contributed to the Dix-Hill Cartel. Accord reached in July 1862.Cobb saw combat during the Peninsula Campaign. And the Seven Days Battles. Cobb's brigade played a key role in the fighting at Crampton's Gap during the Battle of South Mountain. Where it arrived at a critical time to delay a Union advance through the gap, but at a bloody cost. His men also fought at the subsequent Battle of Antietam. In October 1862, Cobb was detached from the Army of Northern Virginia. And sent to the District of Middle Florida. He was promoted to major general. On September 9, 1863, and placed in command of the District of Georgia and Florida. He suggested the construction of a prisoner-of-war camp. In southern Georgia, a location thought to be safe from Union invaders.
This idea led to the creation of Andersonville prison. S armies entered Georgia during the 1864 Atlanta Campaign. And subsequent March to the Sea. Cobb commanded the Georgia reserve corps as a general. In the spring of 1865, with the Confederacy clearly waning, he and his troops were sent to Columbus, Georgia.To help oppose Wilson's Raid. He led the hopeless Confederate. Resistance in the Battle of Columbus, Georgia. On Easter Sunday, April 16, 1865. During Sherman's March to the Sea, the army camped one night near Cobb's plantation. When Sherman discovered that the house he planned to stay in for the night belonged to Cobb, whom Sherman described in his Memoirs as "one of the leading rebels of the South, then a general in the Southern army, " he dined in Cobb's slave quarters. Confiscated Cobb's property and burned the plantation. Instructing his subordinates to spare nothing. In the closing days of the war, Cobb fruitlessly opposed General Robert E.
S eleventh hour proposal of enlisting slaves into the Confederate army. Fearing that such a move would completely discredit the Confederacy's fundamental justification of slavery, that black people were inferior peoples, he said, You cannot make soldiers of slaves, or slaves of soldiers. The day you make a soldier of them is the beginning of the end of the Revolution. And if slaves seem good soldiers, then our whole theory of slavery is wrong. Cobb's opposition to Lee's proposal is dramatized in the opera "Appomattox" (composer Philip Glass, librettist Christopher Hampton), which debuted in Washington, D.S Kennedy Center in November 2015. Cobb's role was sung by Timothy J. Cobb surrendered to the U. Policy until he received a presidential pardon, although he privately opposed it.
Finally receiving that document in early 1868, he then vigorously opposed the Reconstruction Acts. Making a series of speeches that summer that bitterly denounced the policies of Radical Republicans. That autumn, Cobb vacationed in New York City, and died of a heart attack there. For burial in Oconee Hill Cemetery.
Was a cousin and Thomas Reade Rootes Cobb. A younger brother of Howell Cobb. His uncle and namesake, Howell Cobb.
Congressman from 18071812, and then served as an officer in the War of 1812. A niece was Mildred Lewis Rutherford. The item "2015 Historic Autographs Civil War Howell Cobb signed letter autograph LOA" is in sale since Thursday, December 29, 2016.
This item is in the category "Collectibles\Autographs\Military". The seller is "snoopy351" and is located in Indianapolis. This item can be shipped worldwide.